bleeding gums

Bleeding gums & gum disease

Bleeding gums and gum disease are common problems. But this doesn’t mean you should ignore them.

Bleeding gums is often a sign of the first stage of gum disease: gingivitis. If left untreated, it can progress to the second stage: periodontitis. The second stage can only be treated and not cured, so it’s essential you get on top of things ASAP.

Here’s what you need to know.

The two stages of gum disease


  • The first stage of gum disease
  • A  reversible condition
  • Symptoms include red, swollen gums and gum bleeding when brushing.

NB: If you have gingivitis, you’ll likely experience some bleeding when you brush your teeth. Don’t stop brushing them. Instead, brush gently, as removing any plaque and debris from the area is essential.


  • The second, more advanced stage of gum disease
  • a serious condition that can cause irreversible damage to the gums and supporting bone and can result in tooth loss.
  • Bleeding, swollen gums
  • Pus appearing around the gumline
  • Visible pockets (periodontal pockets) around the gum line
  • Bad taste in the mouth and bad breath
  • Soreness when eating
  • Loose teeth or even tooth loss

Gum disease treatment

Gingivitis: Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease and can be more easily treated. Your dentist or hygienist will typically provide a thorough scale and clean to remove plaque and calculus deposits. Then, they will give you information on how to look after your teeth and gums at home to prevent gingivitis.

Periodontitis: As periodontitis is a more advanced form of gum disease, it requires more extensive treatment. Typically, you’ll need several appointments where you are given a local anaesthetic before having a deep scale and cleaning.

How to prevent bleeding gums

Typically, bleeding gums can be prevented by practising good oral hygiene. Here’s how you can prevent gum disease and promote healthy gums:

  • Gently brush your teeth twice daily, preferably after mealtimes — ensuring that you brush for two minutes.
  • Floss once a day
  • Use and bacterial mouthwash (if your dentist or hygienist recommends it)
  • Rinse your mouth with water regularly in between meals.

Talk to our team at Mills Road Dental Centre about your oral health today.